Best Practices for Profitable and Efficient Reverse Logistics
With the precipitous increase in online sales — and the disproportionate frequency of order returns — it’s clear that new returns processing approaches are needed. To maintain profits, retailers must apply the same level of focus to the reverse logistics process as they do to outbound operations. The problem — and the opportunities — justify a closer look.
A Tsunami of Returns
Retailers have an increasingly large return problem. American consumers returned a whopping $761 billion of goods in 2021 (1), compared to $428 billion in 2020. More concerning, the average return rate rose from 10.6% to 16.6%. And since eCommerce purchases are returned at a much higher rate than in-store purchases (2), as eCommerce grows, so will this return rate. (editor - Revenue in the South African eCommerce market is projected to reach US$8.46bn in 2022.) Revenue is expected to show an annual growth rate (CAGR 2022-2025) of 17.81%, resulting in a projected market volume of US$13.83bn by 2025 – Statista.com)
The e-commerce returns process is time-consuming, chaotic, unpredictable and costly. Like outbound logistics, most returns are “each” or individual items that are being returned across multiple channels. They may need to be consolidated, sorted and redistributed to different locations based on demand. And in this fast-paced environment, time is money.
The longer returns processing takes, the more likely that an item will become obsolete, out-of-season, out-of-style or require a significant price reduction to re-sell it. In addition, items may require inspection, re-packaging and labeling — and each step may have supporting systems, processes and communications associated with it.
According to a report by CBRE and Optoro, the cost of an average return in 2021 was two-thirds of the original sale price — factoring in labour, transportation and warehousing costs. It’s no wonder that many companies outsource the entire returns process or send returned merchandise directly to liquidation. But with proper processes that quickly recirculate products back into sellable inventory, returns can be good for the bottom line and the environment.
If you’re among those retailers who think implementing efficient processing returns is not a good use of internal resources, it’s time to rethink that assumption. Consider the following eight steps toward optimizing returns for improved profitability.
1. Define clear ownership and metrics
Returns management is inherently a cross-functional discipline that impacts multiple departments, including finance, manufacturing, sourcing, merchandising, marketing and distribution. According to McKinsey, rather than designating a single owner, half of all retailers assign four or more functions with responsibility for some aspect of returns (3). That can lead to a misalignment of performance metrics and result in declining efficiencies. For example, while Sales is incentivised to sell and may not be penalized for frequent returns, Warehousing is rewarded for processing returns quickly but may not be focused on an item’s profitability. And who is responsible for reducing the volume of returns?
Appointing a single person to oversee company-wide returns process is key. That person’s focus should be on streamlining the overall process - from collaborating with suppliers to share ownership for returns to the liquidation of inventory. She/he should develop cross-functional metrics that encourage the desired behaviours. For example, all commissioned sales associates should be measured on net returns, and product profitability should include the cost of processing returned items. Finally, they should develop an executive dashboard that gives everyone a high-level view of returns, including the following metrics:
2. Focus on Speed
Companies tend to think more about the cost of processing returns than they do about product profitability. But a slow returns process can mean much lower profit if the product misses the selling season or depreciates in value. Fashion apparel is well-known for losing value quickly. Electronics lose 4 to 8% of their value each month (4). Returns are especially tough for wholesalers who must often wait until the end of a season to receive returns from retailers, forgoing any chance of recovering a profit.
The sooner you make a return available for resale, the greater your odds of selling it again for full price. If possible, you should try to make an item available for resale within 24 hours from the time you receive the return. This means that the disposition of the returned product must be determined in the location where it is returned and, if possible, put back into sellable inventory at that same node.
3. Improve your systems
To ensure the highest returns recovery rates, you’ll need good systems. At a minimum, a system should support a single view of inventory that tracks returned items and issues credit. As soon as a return is received, it should be immediately recorded in the system and assessed as fit for resale, easily repairable or damaged. Bar codes and radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags can help to identify items, and new artificial intelligence (AI) solutions use cameras to help assess the condition of returns quickly.
To maximize the profitability of returns, your system will need to use insights from inventory and sales data to intelligently route each return to the ideal channel or location based on:
The system should also be equipped with machine-learning (ML) algorithms that analyze market demand and historical data to determine the best resale price and incentivize customers to return the item via the most cost-effective channel. These data-driven decisions are complex, but they can have a big financial impact when well executed.
4. Leverage automation technologies
Investments in automation may be more easily justified when considering the sheer volume of returns, the need to handle returns quickly, and the struggle to hire warehouse workers. As a good rule of thumb, if you process more than 4,000 units/hour, it’s probably time to consider automation (5).
Several automated order-picking solutions can work in reverse to restock returns. For example, pouch systems, mobile robots and goods-to-person (GTP) solutions are designed to pick items from inventory to create an order. The same process can be reversed to return items back into inventory. This can be especially efficient in a high-density storage system like AutoStore that can take advantage of your existing facility footprint and leverage odd-shaped storage spaces.
5. Take advantage of brick-and-mortar stores
When it comes to returns processing, your brick-and-mortar stores can be transformed into a strategic advantage. Even items that are purchased online can be returned and resold in physical stores. In addition to eliminating the cost of shipping the item back to a distribution centre (DC), you have an opportunity to cross-sell additional items when they come into the store. Reducing the need for transporting returns throughout the DC network also lessens your carbon footprint and has a positive impact on the environment.
Be aware that buy online, return to store (BORTS) processing can introduce its own set of challenges - especially if an item is out of season, damaged or not a store SKU. In these cases, you may face the decision of selling the item at a discounted rate in the store or shipping it back to the DC or supplier. Many retailers are implementing ship-from-store fulfilment models that are enabling items returned to a store to be used to fulfil online orders - which can also result in transportation cost savings.
6. Refresh your returns policy
Two-thirds of consumers review returns policies before making a purchase, and 54% of buyers are unlikely to buy from a retailer with a poor or unclear returns policy (6). Because it is an important part of your overall customer service capabilities, having a pro-customer returns policy is now a competitive advantage.
A key aspect of your returns policy is the decision whether to offer free returns. Consider the following consumer data:
If offering free returns to everyone is not an option, consider free returns for loyalty members, items over a certain value or returns to a store. Another option is to charge for returns but make exchanges free. To keep the sale, consider offering store credits instead of a cash refund.
Returns policies are so critical that they should be reviewed regularly and consider the following: the competitive landscape, the cost of processing returns and the likelihood of resale.
7. Mine customer feedback for process improvements
Instead of thinking of returns as a lost revenue, many retailers leverage them as a feedback loop and/or gold mine of information that can lead to company-wide improvements and higher sales. Insights include:
A cross-functional returns owner can make an immediate impact by improving this feedback loop for the good of the entire company.
8. Rethink outsourcing and liquidation
Many companies outsource returns processing or send returns directly to factory outlets, discount stores or salvage companies. Some reverse logistics companies utilize sophisticated software and technologies that speed up returns and cut labour costs. In addition, they have existing relationships with liquidators, recyclers and others.
However, using third parties and liquidators pushes returns efforts downstream, and that can result in “out of sight, out of mind” inefficiencies. With less control over the process, online retailers may not be as motivated to reduce returns. In addition, using third parties may delay or discourage the reselling of returned merchandise. With 72% of returned merchandise in resalable condition, this translates into a squandered opportunity for profit (10).
Article contributed by Fortna – visit www.fortna.com